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INTERNATIONAL INTELLECTUAL FEDERATION FOR HUMANITY

Background

There are many topics / fields / areas which are of national importance and they require indepth analysis / research /experience for formulation of law /  policy  /guideline for implementation. Better formulation requires Intellectual mind with experience hands from the users. Needless to say, only you can give precious inputs as we all are the  actual users at the end and we are the base of democracy.

Listed here are the some topics of national importance. They all require your inputs, so that a full proof  law,  policy  or guideline can be made with a clarity on implementation. We also help you to improve your say, as it will certainly strengthen India and make us best and strong INDIA. Please share views from the below listed one.

Revolutionise India through use of Renewable Energy

​The role of new and renewable energy has been increasing significantly in recent times with the growing concern for the country's energy security. To achieve energy self-sufficiency, it is necessary to deploy new and renewable energy for supplementing the energy requirements of our country. 

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

Misleading Advertisements

 How can the proposed waterways and similar initiatives complement the various efforts to clean the Ganga and at the same time enhance tourism? Should such an initiative be replicated for other rivers as well?Any consumer movement can be successful only with the whole-hearted participation by the consumers.  All the citizens of the country are consumers in one way or the other.  The citizens, therefore, is expected to be pro-active in identifying misleading advertisement, suggest effective measures to tackle such advertisements and are also expected to offer out of the box ideas so that the movement against misleading advertisement can really picks up the desired momentum.

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

Waterways to enhance tourism & clean Ganga

How can the proposed waterways and similar initiatives complement the various efforts to clean the Ganga and at the same time enhance tourism? Should such an initiative be replicated for other rivers as well?

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

Large Scale Digitization

The Government of India is proposing a platform to digitize various kinds of physical records through crowd sourcing. The need for this platform cannot be over-emphasized. We cannot talk of Digital India and transforming India into a knowledge society if most of the transactions continue to be physical. To increasing move towards digital transactions, there is huge need to digitize all legacy data and physical data which continues to be generated through our physical transactions.

Converting physical records into digital in a machine-readable form, so that necessary compute operations can be carried on is therefore an essential part of all programmes under Digital India, whether it is a the Digital Locker, or sector specific applications under eKranti. Unleashing the captive data through digitization from physical records will enable research, predictive, quantitative and qualitative analysis for informed decision making and proactive governance. This will help in transforming our e-Government applications from Systems of Records to Systems of Engagement.

Digitization of physical records is a non-trivial task. Indian IT industry has garnered billions of dollars worth of industry by digitizing medical transcriptions and insurance records in the past. That model has matured and offers a solution for large scale digitization. But the problem is that the cost of such digitization is very large and existing budgetary constraints of Government and many other organizations do not allow such lavish digitization effort. Consequently, we have not seen much effort for digitization of physical records in the country. Privacy and security issues of sharing records in public domain also need to be taken into serious consideration.

Government itself has large number of physical records digitization of which can enable analytics over data, improve quality of record and decision-making. Some of the public records which can benefit from digitization effort include: land records, municipal records, birth and death registration records, service records of Government employees etc.

Several non-Government organizations can also hugely benefit from such digitization efforts. For example, Insurance companies can manage their insurance records, telecom companies can save millions of dollars by digitizing the documents relating to identity of their subscribers.

The proposed platform will be build using an innovative enterprise content management framework and tools, the solution supports a unique operations model which uses crowd sourcing for digitizing physical records. It rewards subscribers for every word that they transcribe, at the same time ensures secrecy and privacy of the document. It uses an innovative and complex algorithm to ensure accuracy of digitization without having to have supervisors to compare digitized document with the original. The proposed platform will create earning and income generation opportunities for our literate rural and urban citizens, develop digital literacy and IT skills and include them in making of digital India

The cloud enabled platform accessible through multiple devices will have the following features

i. It will be applicable for transcription for all kinds of documents, irrespective of media, format and language. The documents will need to be converted into a human readable image format.

ii. Any user can become a member and start accumulating points by transcribing words/characters. These words/characters would translate into redeemable cash rewards.

iii. Any organization/Government Department can submit its documents for transcription.

iv. A document to be transcribed is scanned and a template of the document created. Based on the template, the content of the document are apportioned to small portions say words or phrases. Such portions are so made that no portion gives any clue regarding the overall context/content of the document.

v. Each portion is thereafter sent to two randomly selected members of the platform for digitizing.

vi. Each member gets a word/phrase which he or she transcribes. The same word, phrase is also shared with another member (selected randomly). The two digitized version of the word/phrase are compared by the machine. If they match, the digitization is successful. If not, the same if sent to third person and based on his digitization, an assessment is made.

vii. Members get rewarded for successful digitization and not for unsuccessful digitization.

viii. OCR will be used to reduce the extent of digitization required through this crowd sourcing mode.

ix. Mobile based application would be available so that members can transcribe words on the move.

This portal will be deployed on the cloud for supporting multiple government agencies with full security features as per the government standards. It has been developed using open standard technologies. The entire initiative is well architected to safeguard the identity of the documents in the process and to ensure accuracy through proper validations. To ensure that everyone can participate, the portal will be made accessible across multiple devices, in multiple formats, and is multi-lingual.

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

Smart Waste Management

Waste management is an important requirement for ecologically sustainable development. Efficient sorting of waste is a major issue in today’s society. The main goals of this discussion are to come up with solutions for the following problems using technology as a tool.

1) Reducing waste production
2) Ensuring that wastes are properly disposed
3) Recycling and re-using disposed products

“Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” or the "Clean India Mission" is India's biggest cleanliness campaign that aims to accomplish the vision of "Clean India". Waste management is an integral part of this campaign. To assist the “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” initiative, projects may be setup to create products which are solar-powered trash receptacle and trash compactor that alerts sanitation crews of municipal authorities, when it is full.

Also E-Waste (obsolete, discarded, broken and surplus electrical and electronic devices) is of immediate and long term concern as the industry is unregulated and recycling can lead to major environmental degradation posing a major threat to human health.

Internet of Things (IoT) is a new generation technology which allows integration of small devices/gadgets with web based system .The devices send signals through sensors using constraint application protocol (CoAP), Message Queue Telemetry Transport (MQTT) etc. and interact with the web-based system using the HTTP protocol, So the existing solution architectures are getting extended.

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

Smart Water

​Water is a vital resource for life, and for the economy. Nowadays, one of the most serious challenges to solve and manage the water scarcity. With the depletion of water resources, the demand for quality water is increasing day by day. Water utilities are under pressure to provide good quality water, but are struggling with their outdated infrastructure at the same time. Furthermore, one of the major concerns of water utilities is the increasing wastage and pollution of water bodies caused due to metering errors, leaks, pipe bursts, and industrial waste. To manage all these issues, water utilities have to come up with smart water management solutions and techniques.

IoT may be used in potable water monitoring tools to monitor the quality of tap water in all government owned education institutes and public places. It should be applied in real-time detection of leakages and wastes of factories in rivers and other natural water bodies. It can also be used in monitoring of water level variations in rivers, dams and reservoirs, for proactive disaster management.

Smart water management is the combination of smart hardware, smart solutions, and smart services integrated together to minimize wastage and optimize the utilization. Intelligent use of information and analytics can be leveraged to deliver improved outcomes across the water management lifecycle.

With the help of this discussion platform we request you to share your valuable inputs on how IOT can be used in:

• Demand Forecasting and Allocation of water resources
• Water Quality Testing
• Infrastructure Management
• Improve Preparedness and Response to water management system

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

Smart Farming

The Internet of Things (IoT) can transform the agriculture industry and enable farmers to contend with the enormous challenges they face. The industry must overcome increasing water shortages, limited availability of lands, fertility of lands difficult to manage cost, while meeting the increasing consumption needs of a global population that is expected to grow by 70% by 2050.

Objective:-

New innovative IoT applications will address these issues and help in increasing the quality, quantity, sustainability and cost effectiveness of agricultural production. For example, leverage IoT can be leveraged to allow the farmers to evaluate the soil conditions, moisture level, livestock feed levels density and level of pest control. say if the level of pest control exceeds prescribed range, through sensors alarm and alerts can be generated to warn the farmers to take actions.

The purpose of “Smart Farming” is to increase the quality and quantity of agricultural production by using sensing technology to make farmers more intelligent and more connected.

With the help of this discussion platform, we request you to share your valuable inputs on:

• How an individual or an organization may contribute to Smart Farming.
• Experiences and challenges in using technology as a tool in farming.
• Practical/workable solutions for the complete imposition of the future of farming- “Smart Farming” using IoT

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

Smart Health

​Smart Health has to be designed keeping in mind to improve the health and wellness of our citizens. Smart Health should be able to provides comprehensive medical coverage including medical screenings, providing health care assistance and monitor various vital parameters of patients like subtle changes in pulse, respiration, heart condition, temperature and preventive warning on early onset of pneumonia (in small children) or other life-threatening problems, inside hospitals and at remote patient location including old people's home and ambulance.

What’s more in Smart Health?

• Connect any wearable or portable device to the cloud, pull and analyse collected patient data in real time
• Monitor patients at home using live video and audio streaming
• Monitor vital health indicators collected by portable devices such as smartphones and tablets
• Set intelligent emergency notifications sent to a physician or family
• Charts and diagram visualization based on data collected from health monitoring devices

We need innovative ideas on the following parameters which can be applied to IoT of Smart Healthcare Systems:-

• The inclusion of rural population in the system
• Creating awareness and acceptability of the Smart health
• Identify challenges in implementation

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

Digital India for conducting webinar sessions

National e-Governance Division is conducting knowledge sessions through webinars on relevant and critical areas in Digital India for stakeholders involved in e-Governance. These webinars will be of interest to the Government officers involved in e-Governance projects, implementation partners, practitioners and the users of Digital India ecosystem. The envisioned areas to suggest topics are:

• Digital Infrastructure
• Digital Government Policy
• Digital Services
• Digital Payments
• Information Security
• E-Governance Standards
• Open Source and Technology issues
• Critical Information Infrastructure
• IT Act
• GIS (Geographic Information System)
• Participatory Governance
• SMAC (Social, Mobile, Analytics and Cloud)
• E Governance Project Implementation related aspects

For these webinar sessions to be more informative and fruitful for the listeners, we invite you to please suggest topics based on the above-mentioned areas.

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

Virtual Currencies Framework

The circulation of Virtual Currencies which are also known as Digital/Crypto Currencies has been a cause of concern. This has been expressed in various fora from time to time. Reserve Bank of India had also cautioned the user’s, holders and traders of Virtual currencies (VCs), including Bitcoins, about the potential financial, operational, legal, customer protection and security related risks that they are exposing themselves to vide it’s press releases dated 24th December, 2013 and 1st February, 2017.

In order to examine the existing framework, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance has constituted an Inter- Disciplinary Committee chaired by Special Secretary (Economic Affairs) and representatives from Department of Economic Affairs, Department of Financial Services, Department of Revenue (CBDT), Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Reserve Bank of India, NITI Aayog and State Bank of India on 15th March, 2017.

The Committee will (i) take stock of the present status of Virtual Currencies both in India and globally; (ii) examine the existing global regulatory and legal structures governing Virtual Currencies; (iii) suggest measures for dealing with such Virtual Currencies including issues relating to consumer protection, money laundering, etc; and (iv) examine any other matter related to Virtual Currencies which may be relevant. Comments/suggestions from the members of public are requested on the following questions

a) Whether Virtual Currencies (VCs) should be banned, regulated or observed?

b) In case VCs are suggested to be regulated:

i). What measures should be taken to ensure consumer protection?
ii). What measures should be taken to promote orderly development of VCs.
iii). Which appropriate institution(s) should monitor/ regulate the VCs?

c). In case VCs are not suggested to be regulated:

i). What should be the effective self-regulatory mechanism?
ii). What measures should be adopted to ensure consumer protection in this scenario?

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

One Nation, One Tax, One Market

With the GST coming into effect from 1st July, 2017, the biggest indirect tax reform of independent India, is going to transform the way indirect tax is administered in this country, impacting not just businesses but also the common man. GST is a tax on consumption of goods and services, which is levied at all stages right from manufacturing up to final consumption, with credit of taxes paid at previous stages available as setoff. It is going to remove the tax-on-tax effect through separate Central and State tax laws. In a nutshell, under GST, only value addition will be taxed , hence, reducing the burden of tax to be borne by the final consumer.

The most fundamental change in GST besides the consolidation of multiple taxes, is the use of a robust shared IT infrastructure in its operations. All the forms related to registrations, filing returns and other related activities can now be done through the GSTN Portal.

GST will help build an economically stronger India, with 'One Nation, One Tax, One Market.'

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

New Industrial Policy

 The Government has issued Public Procurement (Preference to Make in India) Order 2017 vide the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) Notification No.P-45021 /2/2017-B.E.-II dated 15.06.2017 to encourage ‘Make in India’ and to promote manufacturing and production of goods and services in India with a view to enhancing income and employment.

The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry initiated the process of formulation of a new Industrial Policy in May 2017. Since the last Industrial Policy announced in 1991, India has transformed into one of the fastest growing economies in the world. With strong macro-economic fundamentals and several path breaking reforms in the last three years, India is equipped to deploy a different set of ideas and strategies to build a globally competitive Indian industry. The new Industrial Policy will subsume the National Manufacturing Policy.

A consultative approach has been taken for industrial policy formulation wherein six thematic focus groups and an online survey on DIPP website have been used to obtain inputs. Focus groups, with members from government departments, industry associations, academia, and think tanks have been setup to delve deep into challenges faced by the industry in specific areas. The six thematic areas include Manufacturing and MSME; Technology and Innovation; Ease of Doing Business; Infrastructure, Investment, Trade and Fiscal policy; and Skills and employability for the future. A Task Force on Artificial Intelligence for India’s Economic Transformation has also been constituted which will provide inputs for the policy.

It is proposed that the new Industrial Policy will aim at making India a manufacturing hub by promoting ‘Make in India’. It will also suitably incorporate the use of modern smart technologies such as IOT, artificial intelligence and robotics for advanced manufacturing.

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

Cyber Security Products Public Procurement

​The Government has issued Public Procurement (Preference to Make in India) Order 2017 vide the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) Notification No.P-45021 /2/2017-B.E.-II dated 15.06.2017 to encourage ‘Make in India’ and to promote manufacturing and production of goods and services in India with a view to enhancing income and employment.

In furtherance of the Public Procurement (Preference to Make in India) Order 2017 notified vide reference cited above, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) hereby proposes to notify that Public procurement preference for domestically manufactured/ produced Cyber Security Products.

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

Implementation of Mission Antyodaya

The Department of Telecommunications, through its letter dated 21.08.2017, requested TRAI to suggest its policy inputs for the formulation of National Telecom Policy - 2018. Based on preliminary discussions with various stakeholders including telecom service providers, telecom equipment manufacturers, industry associations, consulting firms, cloud service providers etc.; the Authority has prepared inputs for formulating the National Telecom Policy - 2018 in line with the technological advancements in the sector and customer aspirations for digital services. Through the present Consultation Paper, the Authority intends to seek views of stakeholders on the inputs for formulating National Telecom Policy- 2018. The full text of the Consultation Paper is availabl

‘Mission Antyodaya’ seeks to converge government interventions with Gram Panchayats as the basic unit for planning by following a saturation approach by pooling resources – human and financial – to ensure sustainable livelihoods. It is a State -led initiative for rural transformation to make a real difference based on measurable outcomes to the lives of 1,00,00,000 households in 5,000 rural clusters or 50,000 Gram Panchayats in 1,000 days.

‘Mission Antyodaya’ Framework for Implementation is based on convergence, accountability and measureable outcomes to ensure that resources are effectively managed in providing sustainable livelihoods for every deprived household based upon SECC, 2011.

The states have selected Gram Panchayats/Clusters under ‘Mission Antyodaya’ which were covered under schemes such as ODF, DAY NRLM, Mission Water Conservation, SAGY/Rurban Cluster, Award Winning GPs, crime/dispute free GPs or specific purpose GPs. Most of these GPs are also in the backward districts of the country.

‘Mission Antyodaya’ is expected to unleash the latent potential of participating GPs through convergence and concerted actions of all the stakeholders and propel these GPs in a virtuous cycle of development.

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

Government rules and regulations for easing lives of citizens

 The Department of Telecommunications, through its letter dated 21.08.2017, requested TRAI to suggest its policy inputs for the formulation of National Telecom Policy - 2018. Based on preliminary discussions with various stakeholders including telecom service providers, telecom equipment manufacturers, industry associations, consulting firms, cloud service providers etc.; the Authority has prepared inputs for formulating the National Telecom Policy - 2018 in line with the technological advancements in the sector and customer aspirations for digital services. Through the present Consultation Paper, the Authority intends to seek views of stakeholders on the inputs for formulating National Telecom Policy- 2018. The full text of the Consultation Paper is available

One of the important endeavors of the present government has been to improve the 'Ease of Living'. In simple words, this means that the citizen-government interface, in matters of daily routine, must be made as seamless as possible and as citizen friendly as possible. Among other things, this has translated into reforming many rules and regulations and in an overwhelming number of cases completely doing away with such antediluvian rules which had not only outlived their utility, but in many cases were frankly anti-people. The mandate has been clear - between the citizens and the governments, the rules and processes must defer to ensuring the ease of living of citizens.

Consider for example the earlier rule of seeking gazetted officers attestation to validate one's documents before appearing in exams. That rule is now history. Trusting the citizens was the mandate and self-attestation is now the new rule. Or consider the move to scrap interviews for non-gazetted Group D, C and B government jobs. In one stroke the entire industry of 'recommendations' has been shut down and pure merit has become the norm.

What are other such outdated and ill-conceived rules, regulations or practices that hinder the normal day to day lived experience of the people? In day-to-day governance issues what are the processes or system that can be simplified or simply done away with? Which are processes that serve the exact opposite purpose they are intended to serve? Rules, regulations and laws that serve no useful social purpose but merely create unnecessary red tape and bureaucracy and therefore need to go?

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

Formulation of National Telecom Policy – 2018

The Department of Telecommunications, through its letter dated 21.08.2017, requested TRAI to suggest its policy inputs for the formulation of National Telecom Policy - 2018. Based on preliminary discussions with various stakeholders including telecom service providers, telecom equipment manufacturers, industry associations, consulting firms, cloud service providers etc.; the Authority has prepared inputs for formulating the National Telecom Policy - 2018 in line with the technological advancements in the sector and customer aspirations for digital services. Through the present Consultation Paper, the Authority intends to seek views of stakeholders on the inputs for formulating National Telecom Policy- 2018. The full text of the Consultation Paper is available here.

Contributors views can be submitted by clicking on the link 'My views'.

My views

Prevention of Leakage and Proper Recycling of E-Waste

The electronics waste (e-waste) comprises of discarded electrical and electronic equipment and poses serious challenges globally for improper disposal practices especially in the informal sector.

Hon’ble PM has emphasized the need for creating awareness for environmental issues under “Swach Digital Bharat’ during his address at NASSCOM event on 01.03.2015. On the direction of Hon’ble PM, MeitY and IIFH has initiated the “Awareness Programme on Environmental Hazards of Electronic Waste through Digital India Initiative” over a period of five years to create awareness among the public about the hazards of e-waste recycling by the informal sector and educate them about alternate methods of disposing of their e-waste.

Over 95 percent of e-waste generated is managed by the informal sector. Integration of the informal sector and access to environmentally safe recycling technologies may reduce the health and environmental hazards. In addition to technology, capacity building, skill management, scientific recycling mechanism, business management training are also required for safe recycling of e-waste.

This forum welcomes all contributors for their views on 'Prevention of Leakage and Proper Recycling of E-Waste' and provide solution for leakage of E-Waste in the informal sector, and suggest proper recycling technology for E-Waste that is economically available.

My views

Reducing Corruption through Technology

In the past three years, the Government has endeavoured to remove corruption in every form and technology presents itself as one of the most potent tools. But, technological interventions work when the interventions are simple, transparent and include a public feedback mechanism. Utilising advancements in technology, the Government is following a multi-pronged strategy to tackle the problem in an effective manner

1. Transferring benefits directly to beneficiaries
2. Making government procurements transparent
3. Digitization of service deliveries
4. Promoting Cashless Transactions
5. Jan Bhagidari
6. Open Government Data

Direct Benefit Transfer was a significant step towards plugging leakages. Amount transferred via DBT is increasing and leakages are reducing. The government has laid equal emphasis on citizens getting Aadhaar. The Jan Dhan-Aadhaar-Mobile (JAM) trinity will bring complete accountability in monetary transactions and eliminate ghost beneficiaries.

Additionally, Government e-Marketplace (GeM) was launched to make government procurements simple and transparent, eliminating any scope of corruption. Faceless e-assessment for income tax payers introduced from 2018 was another important step. Tax officers now communicate with the taxpayers through the ‘E-Proceeding' facility which reduces human interface.

The fight against corruption is a long and arduous one. Various online platforms have been introduced by the government, wherein the citizens can join forces with them by sharing their feedback and views. The decision to involve the honest citizens of our country in the fight increases the strength of the force against corruption to a great extent. 

This forum welcomes all contributors for their views on how technology can be used to uproot corruption and suggest innovations to fight the malice in an effective manner.

My views

Improving Employment Data: Sources and Gaps

Job creation, employment and unemployment have been important subjects of debate in India. However, recently, this debate has been taking place in a vacuum. The available estimates are either out-dated or based on surveys with design flaws that render them unsuitable for inferring nationwide employment level.

Recognising these facts, the Government of India appointed a Task Force for improving employment data in India on May 11, 2017, under the chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog. The mandate of the task force and this discussion forum includes assessing existing data systems and sources on job creation, examining prospects for using any existing data sources to obtain quick estimates of jobs created in recent years and recommending mechanisms for future data collection so as to place employment estimates on sound footing.

There are four potential sources of measuring employment and unemployment:

  • Household surveys
  • Enterprise surveys
  • Administrative data
  • Data from Government schemes

These sources despite providing a large number of employment-related indicators but having several gaps like Limited coverage, Out-dated frame, Time Lag, Lack of Representativeness, Changes in Coverage, Infrequent data collection, Lack of Comparability Across Census etc. For details click here.

This forum welcomes all contributors for their views to improve the process and reduce the gaps.

My views

Resource Efficiency: Nation development and SDG's

Resource Efficiency is a key element of Sustainable Development. This is reflected in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 12 which aims to Ensure Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns. Eight other SDG goals (2, 6, 7,8,9,11,14 and 15) also have a bearing on resource efficiency.

There is a global commitment to achieving resource efficiency in order to establish sustainable consumption and production patterns. It is also a priority for the Government of India and is reflected in various policies/programme announcements like Make in India, Zero Effect-Zero Defect Scheme, Smart Cities, Swachh Bharat, and Ganga Rejuvenation Mission.

Over the last two decades, India has experienced dynamic transformation with rapid economic growth, an expanding industrial and service related production, rise in average income, a thriving middle class, rapid urbanisation and a growing population. These changes have been underpinned by increased scale and intensity of resource use leading to manifold increase in demand for natural resources, especially materials. Thus, concerns over resource depletion and constraints manifesting in resource supply constraints, price shocks and rapid degradation of natural resource base. These have larger economic, social, political and environmental consequences. Notably, resource extraction, utilisation and disposal also typically impose significant environmental burdens, many of which, particularly climate change is becoming acute progressively and are being borne disproportionately by the poor and vulnerable. Therefore, judicious use of resources through a combination of conservation and efficiency measures for economic, social and environmental sustainability is in every society’s interest.

Views are welcomed on improving the Enhance material efficiency in selected sectors:

  • Automotive Sector
  1. Greater recovery of secondary materials from ELVs
  2. Improved material flow management
  3. Increased product life
  4. Improved design to incorporate sustainable materials
  5. Importance of training and capacity development
  6. Reducing air pollution and GHG emissions
  7. Developing a broader perspective on mobility
  • Construction Sector
  1. Accurate inventorisation of C&D waste
  2. Building capacities of ULBs
  3. Technical support to new entrepreneurs
  4. Building a business case for private entrepreneurs
  5. Large-scale awareness and sensitisation of users
  6. Developing favourable policies for products made from secondary materials

On above topics, promotion and regulation perspective are to be discussed. For detail click here.

My views

Avenger or Revenger : China

This discussion is based on the: -

  1. The recent meeting of Indian PM Mr Modi in White House with US President Mr Trump on 27.06.17.
  2. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). The CPEC is one of the most important projects of the ‘one belt, one road’ project initiated by China that aims to connect the Asian economic giant with Europe and Africa, thereby making the country a bigger player in world economic affairs. Consisting of a number of road, rail and pipeline ventures, the CPEC connects Xinjiang in the Northwestern region of China with Pakistan’s Gwadar port on the Arabian sea, going over the Pakistan occupied Kashmir territory of Gilgit-Baltistan and the disputed region of Balochistan. India has not exactly welcomed the Chinese-funded project.
  3. The Chinese foreign ministry held India responsible on 27.06.17 for the border stand-off in Sikkim and said it would not allow pilgrims from India to visit Kailash Mansarovar, in Tibet, if the situation was not resolved. The statement about the yatra follows China blocking the further movement of pilgrims through Nathu La.
  4. Pakistan was publicly called out for backing terrorist groups and received a drubbing both in the joint statement and a warning by way of designating Kashmiri extremist Syed Salahuddin as a global terrorist.
  5. India and Pakistan became full members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) on 09.06.17, a China-dominated security grouping that is increasingly seen as a counterweight to NATO.

My views

Challenges in Education Sector: Access and Participation

The earlier policies on education have laid out clear objectives and goals; however, many of these have not been realised fully. Though India has made significant progress in terms of enhancing access to and participation in all levels of education, the overall picture of education development in the country is mixed and there are many persisting concerns and challenges relating to access to and participation in education, quality of the education imparted, equity in education, system efficiency, governance and management, research and development, and financial commitment to education development.

Access and Participation

Research from around the world highlights the importance of early childhood education. However, participation in pre-school education remains low. Expanding access to early childhood education to provide equal opportunity to all children to prepare them better for formal schooling emerges to be a high priority task.

Nationally the percentage of out-of-school children aged 6-13 years has declined significantly since 2000. However, the absolute number of out-of-school children remains high. The relatively lower enrolment rates in upper primary and secondary education as compared to primary education are also a matter of concern. Ensuring upward transition/mobility of students from elementary to secondary to achieve universal secondary education and from secondary to higher secondary and tertiary education continues to be a challenge.

India has the second largest higher education system in the world. Although the Indian higher education has already entered a stage of massification, the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education remains low at 23.6 percent in 2014-15. The current target is to increase GER to 25.2 percent in 2017-18 and further to 30 percent in 2020-21. The relatively slow progress in reducing the number of non-literates continues to be a concern. India currently has the largest non-literate population in the world with the absolute number of non-literates among the population aged 7 and above being 282.6 million in 2011. India also hosts the largest number of youth and adult illiterates in the world with the youth literacy rate (15-24 years) and adult literacy rate (15 years and above) in India in 2011 being 86.1 percent and 69.3 percent respectively.

My views

Transformation of Births and Deaths Registration System

 Registration of Births, Deaths and Still Births in India is mandatory with the enactment of Registration of Births and Deaths Act (RBD Act), 1969 and is done as per the place of occurrence of the event. But the system for application and generation of Birth and/or Death certificate which is called Civil Registration System is facing challenges in ensuring prompt services delivery to the public.

   

Hence the Government of India has decided to introduce transformational changes in the system through an IT enabled backbone leading to Registration of Births and Deaths in the country on a near real-time basis. The implementation of such reforms are conceived at the local level within the respective State/UT Governments who are required as per law/rules to undertake the implementation. For this purpose, we have decided to leverage discussion forum to take feedback from the general public and identify key problems, assess the gaps and take suggestions on improvement of the contemporary process of registration of Births & Deaths and issue of certificates.

Following are the issues for discussion:
a) What is the utility of Birth Registration? What happens if a citizen does not have Birth Certificate?
b) What is the utility of Death Registration? What happens if a citizen does not have Death Certificate?
c) How 
can process of birth and death registration be made so simple and important that citizens will voluntarily register birth and death occurring in their families and will also assist and educate other families to do the same?
d) Are there any issues or challenges in the current birth and death registration process? If yes what is the root-cause of such challenges? How can these issues be resolved?

My views

Nationalism or Sedition

Consumer / Purchaser is entirely free to make a choice for any purchases. Goods are allowed for import and selling inside the country with the permission from Government of India. Although, China-India trade is mutually beneficial and growing interdependence, which contributes to the full use of factors of production and maximisation of the benefits to all the people. 

Elected Indian Government is allowing the business of Chinese goods in India. Then, boycotting of Chinese goods is boycotting Chinese product only or elected Indian Government too? 

My views

New Education Policy

 The National Policy on Education was framed in 1986 and modified in 1992. Since then several changes have taken place that calls for a revision of the Policy. The Government of India would like to bring out a National Education Policy to meet the changing dynamics of the population’s requirement with regards to quality education, innovation and research, aiming to make India a knowledge superpower by equipping its students with the necessary skills and knowledge and to eliminate the shortage of manpower in science, technology, academics and industry.

For the first time, the Government of India is embarking on a time-bound grassroots consultative process, which will enable the Ministry of HRD to reach out to individuals across the country through over 2.75 lakh direct consultations while also taking input from citizens online.

Themes for consultation on School Education 1. Ensuring learning outcomes in Elementary Education. 2. Extending outreach of Secondary and Senior Secondary Education. 3. Strengthening of VocationalEducation. 4. Reforming School Examination systems. 5. Revamping Teacher Education for QualityTeachers. 6. Accelerating rural literacy with the special emphasis on Women, SCs, STs& Minorities through Adult Education and National Open SchoolingSystems. 7. Promotion of Information and Communication Technology Systems in School and Adult Education. 8. New knowledge, pedagogies and approaches for the teaching of Science, Maths and Technology in School Education to improve learning outcomes of students. 9. School standards, School assessment and School Management systems. 10.Enabling Inclusive Education – Education of SCs, STs, Girls, Minorities and children with special needs. 11. Promotion of Languages. 12. Comprehensive Education – Ethics, Physical Education, Arts & Crafts, Life Skills. 13. Focus on ChildHealth

Themes for consultation on Higher Education I. Governance reforms for quality II. Ranking of institutions and accreditations III. Improving the quality of regulation IV. Pace-setting roles of central institutions V. Improving State public universities VI. Integrating skill development in higher education VII. Promoting open and distance learning and online courses VIII. Opportunities for technology-enabled learning IX. Addressing regional disparity X. Bridging gender and social gaps XI. Linking higher education to society XII. Developing the best teachers XIII. Sustaining student support systems XIV. Promote cultural integration through language XV. Meaningful partnership with the private sector XVI. Financing higher education XVII. Internationalisation of higher education XVIII. Engagement with industry to link education to employability XIX. Promoting research and innovation XX. New knowledge. 

My views

Smart Cites Development.

The purpose of the Smart Cities Mission is to drive economic growth and improve the quality of life of people by enabling local area development and harnessing technology, especially technology that leads to Smart outcomes. The Smart City Proposal should capture aspirations of the citizens and their inputs for formulating a vision statement and strategies for the development of a city.

My views

Improving performance of India in sports events.

In the recently concluded Rio Olympics 2016, India sent its largest ever Olympic contingent comprising of 118 athletes. Despite a large number of athletes, the Indian contingent managed to bag only two medals in the Games viz., one Silver medal in Badminton and one Bronze medal in Wrestling. Considering the size of our country it can be said that the present performance was not up to the country’s potential. Views are invited on what specific steps need to be taken to realise the full sporting potential of India in forthcoming Olympics in 2020, 2024 and 2028.

My views

Ideas for Mann Ki Baat.

Mann ki Baat would complete two years 25 th Sep 2016. Prime Minister Narendra Modi looks forward to sharing his thoughts on a number of themes and issues. As always, the Prime Minister invites you to share your ideas on topics he should address. So what are the themes, issues or topics that you want the Prime Minister to speak about?

My views

 

Promotion of ICT scheme for MSME's.

The prime objective of the scheme is to motivate MSMEs to adopt Information and Communications Technology (ICT) tools/applications in their production and business processes through Cloud Computing Services with a view to improve their competitiveness in National and International Market. Cloud Computing is emerging as a cost effective and viable alternative to in-house IT Infrastructure installed by MSMEs.                                Following areas have been identified as the categories of applications needed the most by the MSMEs:
  • Financial Management for ERP – HR and Payroll, Sales Management, Financial Accounting. Inventory Management, etc.
  • Design and Industrial Manufacturing – 3D Computer Aided Design, Computer Aided Manufacturing, Computer Aided Engineering.
  • e-Presence – Website Development, hosting and security, Business email solution, Domain Registration. 
  • Regulatory Compliances – Identify compliance activities and management and periodic audits. The aim of the discussion is to solicit suggestions/comments from the citizens on:
  • whether any category/sub-category may be added/removed/modified.
  • the benchmark and most used ICT solutions for the above categories.
  • The overall approach of the scheme. 

My views

Draft National Policy Note on Value Capture Finance.

Both States and Central governments make large investments in infrastructure assets like roads, airports, and mass transit that opens up vast suburban hinterlands. Similarly, investments in townships, industries, and commercial establishments catalyse rapid economic development in those areas. These investments typically generate large value enhancement, most of which get captured by private property owners in the form of higher land values. Governments typically recover only a limited value from such public investments, thereby constraining their capacity to make similar investments elsewhere. It is with this objective that Policy on Value Capture Finance (VCF) for financing infrastructure and development has been prepared.
 

Challenges in Education Sector: Governance and Management

The earlier policies on education have laid out clear objectives and goals; however, many of these have not been realized fully. Though India has made significant progress in terms of enhancing access to and participation in all levels of education, the overall picture of education development in the country is mixed and there are many persisting concerns and challenges relating to access to and participation in education, quality of the education imparted, equity in education, system efficiency, governance and management, research and development, and financial commitment to education development.

Governance and Management

Several studies have reported the challenges in education governance exemplified by teacher absence, delayed fund flows to schools/colleges/universities and administrative capabilities. Capacity constraints relating to effective programme planning and implementation continue to be a key issue. Consequently, the progress of implementation of planned programmes remains uneven. The governance and management of education system and institutions, especially at the tertiary education stage, has assumed complexity with the advent of a multiplicity of providers, programmes and modes of financing. While it is true that some states have displayed encouraging initiatives and innovative management, the overall picture in the country is mixed. A renewed look at governance and management policies both at the system as well as the institutional level has become imperatively urgent.

Commercialisation is rampant both in school and higher education sub-sectors as reflected in the charges levied for admissions in private educational institutions. The proliferation of sub-standard educational institutions has contributed to the diminished credibility of the education system.

My views

Desirability and Feasibility of changing the Financial Year.

The Government of India has appointed a Committee chaired by Dr Shankar Acharya, former chief economic adviser, to examine the desirability and feasibility of having a ‘new financial year’. Other distinguished members of the Committee are Shri K M Chandrasekhar, former Cabinet Secretary, Shri PV Rajaraman, former Principal Finance Secretary, Tamil Nadu and Dr Rajiv Kumar, Senior Fellow Centre for Policy Research.

Presently, the financial year followed by governments in India runs from 1st April to the following 31st March.

This issue was last examined by the L K Jha Committee in 1985, whose recommendation to move to a financial year of January 1- December 31 (for Central and State Governments) was then not accepted by the then Government.

There are many arguments for and against the change in financial year which revolve around issues of budget and cash management by government, seasonality of government revenues and expenditure, impact of Monsoon on budget forecasting, working season, timelines involved in the legislative cycle of passage of Budget by the Parliament, international comparability of fiscal statistics, aligning government’s financial year with year for tax assessment and corporate accounting purposes. Some arguments are less on the intrinsic merit or demerit of the change but rather on the timing of the change when the change coincides with other developments impacting businesses.

My views

Improvements in Customs Processes.

Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) is a part of the Department of Revenue under the Ministry of Finance, Government of India. It deals with the tasks of formulation of policy concerning levy and collection of Customs & Central Excise Duties and Service Tax, prevention of smuggling and administration of matters relating to Customs, Central Excise, Service Tax and Narcotics to the extent under CBEC's purview.

The current Customs Business Services are being catered through a set of independent applications; CBEC now envisages an integrated platform for providing services through a single application. The new application is envisioned to be built as a high-end futuristic platform which is robust and scalable.

CBEC invites suggestions to improve upon the Customs Business Services namely Cargo Clearance, Courier clearance, Postal clearance, SEZ – Customs clearance, Passenger clearance and Baggage clearance.

We request you to provide your valuable suggestions for improvement in the following: - Cargo Clearance - Courier, - Postal, - SEZ- Customs Clearance, - Baggage Clearance, - Passenger Clearance.

My views

TRAI

 
  1. Approaches to be used for prescribing domestic termination charges (viz. mobile termination charges and fixed termination charges) for maximisation of consumer welfare, adoption of more efficient technologies and overall growth of the telecommunication services sector; and  
  2. Approaches to be used for prescribing international termination charges and international settlement rates in the country for the long-term sustainable growth of the International Long Distance (ILD) service segment.
  3. Spectrum uses charging for Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and floor level of AGR based on the amount of spectrum held by Commercial VSAT operators’ under section 11(1) of TRAI Act, 1997.
  4. Review of network related Quality of Service Standards for Cellular Mobile Telephone Service.
  5. Review of regulatory framework for the use of USSD for mobile financial services.
  6. Complaints/Grievance Redressal in Telecom Sector.
  7. The proliferation of Broadband through Public Wi-Fi Networks.

My views

Draft Indian National Defence University (INDU) Bill, 2015.

Indian National Defence University Bill, 2015 proposes to establish a world class fully autonomous institution of National Importance under Ministry of Defence. University will develop and propagate higher education (PhD, M Phil, M Tech and M Sc) in National Security Studies, Defence Management and Defence Technology and promote policy-oriented research on all aspects relating to national security, both internal and external. It would also encourage awareness of national security issues by reaching out to scholars and an audience beyond the official machinery. It will also serve as a think tank contributing to policy formulation and debates on security and strategy. INDU will inculcate and promote coordination and interaction not just between the three Armed Services but also between other agencies of the Government, the Civil Bureaucracy, Para Military Forces, Central Armed Police Forces, Intelligence Services, Diplomats, Academicians, Strategic Planners, University Students and officers from Friendly Foreign Countries. It would create synergy between the academic community and Govt functionaries. It would make available opportunities for higher studies through distance learning to interested military personnel.

Initially, four new colleges/institutions, namely School of National Security Studies, School of Defence Technology, School of Defence Management and Centre for Distance and Open Learning are proposed to be set up at the main campus at Binola, Gurgaon. The four existing Defence Institutions namely National Defence College (NDC), New Delhi, College of Defence Management (CDM), Secunderabad, Defence Services Staff College (DSSC), Wellington and National Defence Academy (NDA), Khadakwasla, Pune are proposed to be brought under the ambit of INDU without diluting their powers or autonomy for award of degrees and diplomas.

My views

Efficient Coal Distribution.

Govt. has planned to double the coal production to 100 crore tonnes by 2020. The challenge that lays ahead of us is the proportionate increase in offtake. So, suggest ways for efficient Coal distribution.

My views

Draft National Education Policy 2016

The National Policy on Education was framed in 1986 and modified in 1992. Since then several changes have taken place that calls for a revision of the Policy. The Government of India would like to bring out a National Education Policy to meet the changing dynamics of the population’s requirement with regards to quality education, innovation and research, aiming to make India a knowledge superpower by equipping its students with the necessary skills and knowledge and to eliminate the shortage of manpower in science, technology, academics and industry.

For the first time, the Government of India is embarking on a time-bound grassroots consultative process, which will enable the Ministry of HRD to reach out to individuals across the country through over 2.75 lakh direct consultations while also taking input from citizens online.

Union Territories without Legislature' Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Rules, 2016

My views

Real Estate ( Regulation and Development ) Bill

The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Bill was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 10th March 2016 and by the Lok Sabha on 15th March 2016. The Bill as passed by the Parliament was assented to by the Hon’ble President on 25th March 2016. The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 was published in the Official Gazette on 26th March 2016 for general information. Copy of the Act is available on the website of the Ministry of HUPA at the following link -http://mhupa.gov.in/writereaddata/Real_Estate_Act_2016.pdf

The Real Estate Act, 2016 aims at protecting the rights and interests of consumers and promotion of uniformity and standardisation of business practices and transactions in the real estate sector. It attempts to balance the interests of consumers and promoters by imposing certain responsibilities on both. It seeks to establish symmetry of information between the developer and purchaser, transparency of contractual conditions, set minimum standards of accountability and a fast-track dispute resolution mechanism.

Brief Background of the Draft Rules under the Real Estate Act, 2016

Specified sections of the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 have come into effect from 1st May, 2016, including section 84 of the Act which provides that “the appropriate Government shall, within a period of six months of the commencement of this Act, by notification, make rules for carrying out the provisions of the Act” i.e. by 31st October 2016. As per section 2(g)(i) of the Act, the Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation is the appropriate Government for Union Territories without Legislature.

My views

Revolutionise India through use of Renewable Energy.

The role of new and renewable energy has been increasing significantly in recent times with the growing concern for the country's energy security. To achieve energy self-sufficiency in the energy sector, it is necessary to deploy new and renewable energy for supplementing the energy requirements of our country. 
 

How to encourage the use of LED's?

Under UJALA scheme, the main objective is to promote efficient lighting, enhance awareness on using efficient equipment which reduces electricity bills and helps preserve the environment. Efficient light bulbs, like LEDs, consume only one-tenth of the energy used by ordinary bulbs to provide the same or better light output.

 My views

Government Open Data Use License India.

Under 6th pillar of digital India Initiative, Open Government Data Platform is endeavouring share of Government data in open domain to improve openness and transparency between Government and the public, encouraging participation of the community and emphasising data-driven decision making to enable the delivery of integrated services.

Structured data available in open format and open license for public access and use, usually termed as “Open Data,” it allows citizens and businesses to find new ways to use it and to create new innovative products and services. The Open Government Data initiative started in India with the notification of the National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy (NDSAP), on 17th March 2012 & in pursuance of the policy, the Open Government Data Platform India (data.gov.in) was launched in 2012. 

My views

Increasing Non-Fare revenue for Indian Railways

Although Indian Railways enjoy the highest captive eyeballs in a railway system internationally, it earns less than 5% of its revenues through non-tariff sources. Many of the world railway systems generate 10% to 20% of their revenues from non-tariff sources.

IR typically has focused on increasing revenues through tariff hikes. It wants to change this and challenge the conventional thinking by exploiting new sources of revenue so that every asset, tangible or non-tangible, gets optimally monetized.

My views

Make in India - Strategy for Electronic Products

Electronics Sector is a critical Sector of the Indian Economy. It is one of the pillars of “Make in India” and “Digital India” programs of the Government.
Keeping in view that the Electronics Manufacturing Sector holds a great potential in the Indian context, and there has been a gap between the achievement and the potential of this sector, NITI Aayog has prepared a Draft Strategy Paper for Make in India in Electronics.

My views

Draft National Policy for Women 2016

The policy envisions a society in which, women attain their full potential and can participate as equal partners in all spheres of life. It also emphasises the role of a useful framework to enable the process of developing policies, programmes and practices which will ensure equal rights and opportunities for women.

The broad objective of the policy is to create a conducive socio-cultural, economic and political environment to enable women to enjoy de jure and de facto fundamental rights and realise their full potential.

My views

Ideas on Smart Health

Smart Health has to be designed keeping in mind to improve the health and wellness of our citizens. Smart Health should be able to provides comprehensive medical coverage including medical screenings, providing health care assistance and monitor various vital parameters of patients like subtle changes in pulse, respiration, heart condition, temperature and preventive warning on early onset of pneumonia (in small children) or other life-threatening problems, inside hospitals and at remote patient location including old people's home and ambulance.

What’s more in Smart Health?

• Connect any wearable or portable device to the cloud, pull and analyse collected patient data in real time
• Monitor patients at home using live video and audio streaming
• Monitor vital health indicators collected by portable devices such as smart phones and tablets

• Set intelligent emergency notifications sent to a physician or family
• Charts and diagram 
visualisation based on data collected from health monitoring devices

We need innovative ideas on the following parameters which can be applied to IoT of Smart Healthcare Systems:-

• Inclusion of rural population in the system
• Creating awareness and acceptability of the Smart health
• Identify challenges in implementation.

My views

 

Citizen- Friendly Services

LPG is a dominant cooking fuel of urban population and also, steadily penetrating in rural areas replacing other traditional sources of fuel which included fire wood, cow dung, coal, etc.

There are nearly 17 crore LPG consumers in the country with an average refill of 35 lakh cylinders per day. The reach of LPG connections as well as providing timely services to the consumers has always kept pace with the technological innovations. Provision of appropriate services and attending the grievances of the consumers continue to be critical for consumers’ satisfaction.

Available Web as well as Mobile phone based applications are extensively used to enable the new customers to get LPG connections and the existing customers to avail services. The Ministry has been taking all measures to leverage the Digital India initiative to make it more consumers friendly.
Presently, following citizen friendly services are being offered for the prospective and existing LPG consumers.

•Book Cylinder through IVRS -– allows consumer to book refill through their registered mobile number.
•Track Refill – It’s both Web and App based facility which shows consumer last 3 booking & delivery date
•Know Your Distributor –Web-based facility provides distributor name, address, contact no. , Sales officers name & email id. and Talk to Us – connects to call centre managed round the clock.

•Request for 2nd cylinder – allows consumer with single cylinder connection to request for the additional cylinder.
•Mechanic Service –allows a consumer to register the request for mechanic service.
•Surrender connection –allows the consumer to register a request for surrendering connection.
•Rate your distributor –allows the consumer to rate distributor on 5 service parameters, which enables the consumer to ascertain the quality of services provided by the distributor.
•Bank Detail –allows the consumer to update Bank details for becoming Cash Transfer Complaint to avail the subsidy under ‘PaHal’ scheme.
•Opt out of Subsidy – provides an option to ‘GiveItUp’ of LPG subsidy.
•Feedback Status – allows the consumers to check the status of any feedback submitted earlier.

My views

Smart Farming

The Internet of Things (IoT) can transform the agriculture industry and enable farmers to contend with the enormous challenges they face. The industry must overcome increasing water shortages, limited availability of lands, fertility of lands difficult to manage cost, while meeting the increasing consumption needs of a global population that is expected to grow by 70% by 2050.

Objective:-

New innovative IoT applications will address these issues and help in increasing the quality, quantity, sustainability and cost effectiveness of agricultural production. For example, leverage IoT can be leveraged to allow the farmers to evaluate the soil conditions, moisture level, livestock feed levels density and level of pest control. say if the level of pest control exceeds prescribed range, through sensors alarm and alerts can be generated to warn the farmers to take actions.

The purpose of “Smart Farming” is to increase the quality and quantity of agricultural production by using sensing technology to make farmers more intelligent and more connected.

With the help of this discussion platform we request you to share your valuable inputs on:

• How an individual or an organization may contribute to Smart Farming.
• Experiences and challenges in using technology as a tool in farming.
• Practical/workable solutions for 
complete imposition of the future of farming- “Smart Farming” using IoT.

My views

Draft Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2016

Ministry of Women and Child Development has formulated a draft Bill on “Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2016” for further consultations with all stakeholders. It aims to create a strong legal, economic and social environment against trafficking of persons and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

The draft Bill has taken into account the various aspects of trafficking and its punishments as defined in section 370- 373 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 and aims to include other offences/ provisions which are not dealt in any other law for the purpose of trafficking, such as (1) penal provisions for the disclosure of identity of the victim of trafficking and witness (2) use of narcotic drug or psychotropic substance or alcohol for the purpose of trafficking (3) use of chemical substance or hormones for the purpose of exploitation. The draft Bill has also taken in to its ambit the ‘placement agencies’ by making mandatory for them to also register for the purposes of this Act.

The proposed draft Bill aims to place dedicated institutional mechanism at District, State and Central level. It also envisages a designated Agency for the investigation of offences. It provides for Protection Homes and Special Homes for short term and long term rehabilitation support. For speedy trial with a view to increase prosecution and to reduce the trauma faced by the victims, the proposed draft Bill provides for establishing Special Courts in each district and experienced Special Prosecutors. Recovery of back wages and other monetary losses of the victim of trafficking is also proposed.

The draft Bill provides for mandatory reporting within 24 hours by a Police Officer, Public servant, any officer or employee of Protection Home or Special Home having custody of the victim of trafficking to the District Anti-Trafficking Committee or in case of child victim to the Child Welfare Committee. For the effective implementation of the proposed Act and for the welfare and rehabilitation of the victims an Anti- Trafficking Fund will be created.

  My views

Smart Water

Water is a vital resource for life, and for the economy. Nowadays, one of the most serious challenges to solve and manage the water scarcity. With the depletion of water resources, the demand for quality water is increasing day by day. Water utilities are under pressure to provide good quality water but are struggling with their outdated infrastructure at the same time. Furthermore, one of the major concerns of water utilities is the increasing wastage and pollution of water bodies caused due to metering errors, leaks, pipe bursts, and industrial waste. To manage all these issues, water utilities have to come up with smart water management solutions and techniques.

IoT may be used in potable water monitoring tools to monitor the quality of tap water in all government owned education institutes and public places. It should be applied in real-time detection of leakages and wastes of factories in rivers and other natural water bodies. It can also be used in the monitoring of water level variations in rivers, dams and reservoirs, for proactive disaster management.

Smart water management is the combination of smart hardware, smart solutions, and smart services integrated together to minimise wastage and optimise the utilisation. Intelligent use of information and analytics can be leveraged to deliver improved outcomes across the water management lifecycle.

My views

Smart Waste Management.

Waste management is an important requirement for ecologically sustainable development. Efficient sorting of waste is a major issue in today’s society. The main goals of this discussion are to come up with solutions for the following problems using technology as a tool.

1) Reducing waste production
2) Ensuring that wastes are properly disposed
3) Recycling and re-using disposed products

“Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” or the "Clean India Mission" is India's biggest cleanliness campaign that aims to accomplish the vision of "Clean India". Waste management is an integral part of this campaign. To assist the “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” initiative, projects may be setup to create products which are solar-powered trash receptacle and trash compactor that alerts sanitation crews of municipal authorities, when it is full.

Also E-Waste (obsolete, discarded, broken and surplus electrical and electronic devices) is of immediate and long-term concern as the industry is unregulated and recycling can lead to major environmental degradation posing a significant threat to human health.

Internet of Things (IoT) is a new generation technology which allows integration of small devices/gadgets with the web-based system.The devices send signals through sensors using constraint application protocol (CoAP), Message Queue Telemetry Transport (MQTT) etc. and interact with the web-based system using the HTTP protocol, So the existing solution architectures are getting extended. 

My views